At the same time, there has been a decline in public housing stock in the face of increasing demand.
Where Have All the Farmers Gone? Sincethe U. Army Corps of Engineers has been developing plans to expand the network of locks and dams along the Mississippi River.
The Mississippi is the primary conduit for shipping American soybeans into global commerce-about 35, tons a day. The Corps' plan would mean hauling in up to 1. This construction would supplement the existing dredges which are already sucking 85 million cubic meters of sand and mud from the river's bank and bottom each year.
Several different levels of "upgrade" for the river have been considered, but the most ambitious of them would purportedly reduce the cost of shipping soybeans by 4 to 8 cents per bushel. Some independent analysts think this is a pipe dream. That would be enough to fill a convoy of dump trucks 10, miles long.
Here, the plan is to straighten natural river meanders in at least seven places, build dozens of locks, and construct a major port in the heart of the Pantanal-the world's largest wetland.
Lobbyists for both these projects argue that expanding the barge capacity of these rivers is necessary in order to improve competitiveness, grab world market share, and rescue farmers either U.
Chris Brescia, president of the Midwest River Coalitionan alliance of commodity shippers that forms the primary lobbying force for the Mississippi plan, says, "The sooner we provide the waterway infrastructure, the sooner our family farmers will benefit.
Probably very few people have had an opportunity to hear both pitches and compare them. But anyone who has may find something amiss with the argument that U.
A more likely outcome is that farmers of these two nations will be pitted against each other in a costly race to maximize production, resulting in short-cut practices that essentially strip-mine their soil and throw long-term investments in the land to the wind.
Farmers in Iowa will have stronger incentives to plow up land along stream banks, triggering faster erosion of topsoil. Their brethren in Brazil will find themselves needing to cut deeper into the savanna, also accelerating erosion.
That will increase the flow of soybeans, all right-both north and south. But it will also further depress prices, so that even as the farmers are shipping more, they're getting less income per ton shipped. And in any case, increasing volume can't help the farmers survive in the long run, because sooner or later they will be swallowed by larger, corporate, farms that can make up for the smaller per-ton margins by producing even larger volumes.
So, how can the supporters of these river projects, who profess to be acting in the farmer's best interests, not notice the illogic of this form of competition? One explanation is that from the advocates' as opposed to the farmers' standpoint, this competition isn't illogical at all-because the lobbyists aren't really representing farmers.
They're working for the commodity processing, shipping, and trading firms who want the price of soybeans to fall, because these are the firms that buy the crops from the farmers.The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression that took place mostly during the s, beginning in the United caninariojana.com timing of the Great Depression varied across nations; in most countries it started in and lasted until the lates.
It was the longest, deepest, and most widespread depression of the 20th century. In the 21st century, the Great Depression is. Unemployment or joblessness is the situation of actively looking for employment but not being currently employed..
The unemployment rate is a measure of the prevalence of unemployment and it is calculated as a percentage by dividing the number of unemployed individuals by all individuals currently in the labor caninariojana.com periods of recession, an economy usually experiences a relatively high.
An exploration of the nature and history of capitalism. Global capitalism, colonies and Third-World economic realities.
Unemployment and Homelessness The rates of unemployment in the United States were staggering throughout the Great Depression. By , the worst year of the Great Depression, the United States had an unemployment rate close to 25 percent.
When jobs became available, enormous lines were created by men anxious to do anything for . As a follow-up to Tuesday’s post about the majority-minority public schools in Oslo, the following brief account reports the latest statistics on the cultural enrichment of schools in Austria.
Vienna is the most fully enriched location, and seems to be in roughly the same situation as Oslo. Many thanks to Hermes for the translation from caninariojana.com Where Have All the Farmers Gone?
Since , the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers has been developing plans to expand the network of locks and dams along the Mississippi River.