But beyond the slot machines, the movie sets and the football fields, there are other problems facing Native communities -- insidious, systemic, life-or-death problems; the kinds of problems it takes years and votes and marches to resolve -- that aren't getting nearly as much attention. There are tribesincluding Alaska Native communitiescurrently recognized by the federal government. The Bureau of Indian Affairs -- the primary federal agency in charge of relations with indigenous communities -- is also considering extending federal status to Native Hawaiians. Each of the federally recognized tribes is a nation unto itself -- sovereign, self-determining and self-governing -- that maintains a government-to-government relationship with the United States.
It has been suggested that their culture contributed to political thinking during the development of the later United States government. Their system of affiliation was a kind of federation, different from the strong, centralized European monarchies. The Iroquois invaded and attacked tribes in the Ohio River area of present-day Kentucky and claimed the hunting grounds.
By the midth century, they had resettled in their historical lands in present-day KansasNebraskaArkansas and Oklahoma.
The Osage warred with Caddo -speaking Native Americans, displacing them in turn by the midth century and dominating their new historical territories. It hangs in the United States Capitol rotunda. After European exploration and colonization of the Americas revolutionized how the Old and New Worlds perceived themselves.
The subsequent European colonists in North America often rationalized their expansion of empire with the assumption that they were saving a barbaric, pagan world by spreading Christian civilization. They had long-established spiritual and religious traditions and theological beliefs.
What developed during the colonial years and since has been a syncretic Catholicism that absorbed and reflected indigenous beliefs; the religion changed in New Spain.
Impact on native populations[ edit ] Main article: Some scholars characterize the treatment of Native Americans by the US as genocide or genocidal whilst others dispute this characterization. While it is difficult to determine exactly how many Natives lived in North America before Columbus,  estimates range from a low of 2.
Inthe American anthropologist Henry F. Dobyns published studies estimating the original population to have been 10 to 12 million. Byhe increased his estimates to 18 million. Smallpox epidemics often immediately followed European exploration and sometimes destroyed entire village populations.
In the years following the arrival of the Spanish to the Americas, large disease epidemics depopulated large parts of the eastern United States in the 15th century. The disease swept through Mohawk villages, reaching the Onondaga at Lake Ontario byand the lands of the western Iroquois byas it was carried by Mohawk and other Native Americans who traveled the trading routes.
Native California Population, according to Cook Census reportedNative Americans in California.
For the next 80 to years, smallpox and other diseases devastated native populations in the region. The numbers of indigenes decreased more rapidly after California ceased to be a Spanish colony, especially during the second half of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th see chart on the right.
Smallpox epidemics in — and — brought devastation and drastic depopulation among the Plains Indians.Jul 30, · Native Americans, Alaska Natives and Native Hawaiians face massive disparities in health as compared to the general population, suffering from high rates of . In some cases, multiple agencies are involved in providing protections, benefits, and services for Native Americans.
For example: tribal contracting under the Small Business Administration s 8(a) program, economic development (GAOT), and; the repatriation of . In , the United States established its first Native American reservation and approached each tribe as an independent nation.
Dec 04, · Did you know? According to the U.S. Census Bureau, there are about million Native Americans and Alaska Natives in the United States today.
That’s about percent of the population. Since the s, Native American self-determination movements have resulted in changes to the lives of Native Americans, though there are still many contemporary issues faced by Native Americans.
Today, there are over five million Native Americans in the United States. In , the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci (Latin: Americus Vespucius).
The first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, .