When the Arab conquerors arrived in the Maghrib in the 7th century, the indigenous peoples they met were the Imazighen Berbers; singular Amazigha group of predominantly but not entirely migratory tribes who spoke a recognizably common Afro-Asiatic language with significant dialectal variations. Amazigh… From about bce, Berber Amazigh languages spread westward from the Nile valley across the northern Sahara into the Maghrib. By the 1st millennium bce, their speakers were the native inhabitants of the vast region encountered by the Greeks, Carthaginians, and Romans.
These colonies, though initially inhabited by Phoenicians from the eastern Mediterranean, became a mix of the two peoples as they intermarried with the local Amazigh. The Amazigh, as well as the Punic Phoenicians, who survived the Roman subjugation of the region are credited with preserving the Phoenician language up till the time of Saint Augustine in the 5th century.
Further, traces of the Phoenician alphabet are evident in the Tamazight Berber alphabet called Tifinagh. The presence of the Championing a people group imazighen in North Africa today is a living proof that the "Arab World" is not made up of million Arabs.
In fact, pan-Arabism is an unfounded heresy forced down the throats of people conquered and subjugated beginning with the advent of the Arab conquest in the 7th century.
The Amazigh, much like the overwhelming majority of the people of this Arab "world," belong to a wide variety of ethnic groups that are different in blood, tradition, language, literature, art and history, and should not be lumped together as a single people.
Who and what are the Amazigh Berber? In fact, the word Berbers is offensive to these ancient inhabitants of north Africa and the Sahara desert. The name "Berber" is another one of many peccadilloes of the Romans who threw names at people left and right.
They, along with the Greeks referred to every people they could not understand with the same unintelligible Berber language whether they were in the East or the West.
The majority of the Moors in medieval "Arabic" Spain were actually Berbers, who had adopted the Arabic Moslem culture and Arabic as their written language. Even today the Berbers are ethnically -- but far from politically -- the dominant part of the populations of Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia and Mauritania.
Isolated Berber-speaking groups are found all over North Africa, from the Atlantic in the Championing a people group imazighen to Egypt in the east. A colorful nomadic Berber tribe, the Tuaregs, whose male warriors wear blue dresses and indigo-colored veils, still roam the Sahara desert.
Moslem yes, Arab no It may come as a surprise to hear that the North African Moslem countries Morocco and Algeria are, in an ethnic sense, not Arab nations at all, but Berber nations, speaking a completely different language than Arabic.
Politically the Arab minority has dominated these countries for centuries, and has -- without much success, though -- attempted to eradicate the Berber language.
This also holds true of the present leaderships in independent Morocco and Algeria, who up to now have tried to establish an Arab identity for their countries.
Berber protests have had limited success, but they have at least led to the introduction of formal teaching of Berber in some Moroccan and Algerian schools and universities. The strong Berber desire to establish a national Berber identity appears to be accelerating.
In and several Berber demonstrations have been held in Morocco and Algeria, calling for official acceptance of Berber identity and state-funded education in the Berber language. A proper Berber census has never been taken and the above figures are uncertain.
Centuries of cultural "Arabization" has persuaded many Berbers, particularly in the cities, to adopt the Arabic language. The number of people perceiving themselves as Berbers is hence much lower, about half of the figure given above.
However, the influx of "proper" Arabs from the East into the Berber area, in connection with the Muslim conquest in the 8th century, is estimated at only The Berber language is known as "Berber" to Europeans and as "Shilha" to Arabs, while the Berbers themselves call their language Tamazight the "gh" in the words Tamazight and Amazigh is pronounced as a sharp "r".
The language has a large number of dialects, due to the wide geographical separation of different Berber-speaking groups. No unified history The Berbers have never experienced a unified political identity, which makes a review of the "history of the Berbers" somewhat problematic.
There have been many strong Berber-led and Berber-populated kingdoms and cultures - often warring among themselves - existing in parallel in various regions of North Africa and Spain, but never a unified "Berber empire". Nor have these cultures used any written Berber language - there are almost no written records in Berber, except for short inscriptions on a few monuments and buildings.
Instead, the Berbers have tended to assimilate the culture and adopt the written language of their conquerors - initially Phoenician, Greek and Latin, later Arabic - while continuing to speak spoken Berber among themselves.
A chronology of some historical events in the Berber area: There are various names for the different Berber dialects which are different enough to be called languages by somebut Tamazight is seen as the root language. Old Phoenician language is mixed into the the Tamazight and as evident to etymologists.
Tamazight has only 3 vowels - a, i, u. This parsimony, vowel-wise, is amply compensated by a generous number of consonants - 38 consonants in all. To be able to write all 38 with Latin letters, diacritical marks and letter-pairs like for example gh, pronounced as one variant of rare used.
Learning to correctly pronounce this multitude of consonants, with their sometimes minute differences of pronounciational nuance, is no easy task for a casual European student of Tamazight. English, in comparison, has 21 consonant letters in its alphabet, but reportedly 24 consonant sounds if you include sounds like voiced and unvoiced "th", "sh", voiced "s", etc.
In European languages the grammatical information of a word tense, gender, number, etc is most often given by "concatenation", i.
But that is not how the Berbers do it. The grammatical information in Tamazight is instead conveyed via several changes in the word, e.The Amazigh or Imazighen (Berber) and the Phoenician Punics. altogether some 50 million people.
A proper Berber census has never been taken and the above figures are uncertain. Centuries of cultural "Arabization" has persuaded many Berbers, particularly in the cities, to adopt the Arabic language. Nov 22, · Imazighen retain the Tamazight language and customs and are made up of different ethnic groups.
Most Imazighen adhere to a form of Sunni Islam intermeshed with North African pre-Islamic beliefs in sorcery and witchcraft. Berberism under the name of Imazighenity (from the Berber Amazigh, plural Imazighen, adopted as the proper term for the people) was meanwhile formulated academically by Berbers in Paris who founded the journal Awal in Championing a People Group – Imazighen Berbers of Morocco The Imazighen Berbers are located in the country of Morocco, and their estimated population is 2,, Morocco’s official language is Arabic, but the Berber language, Tamazight, is used in many homes.
Berberism under the name of Imazighenity (from the Berber Amazigh, plural Imazighen, adopted as the proper term for the people) was meanwhile formulated academically by Berbers in Paris who founded the journal Awal in Championing people and groups. Sharing stories, successes and raising the profile of voluntary and community action Continued to convene the voluntary and community sector leadership group to ensure a joined-up, strong and united response to challenges.
Berberism under the name of Imazighenity (from the Berber Amazigh, plural Imazighen, adopted as the proper term for the people) was meanwhile formulated academically by Berbers in Paris who founded the journal Awal in Star dust relationships; A study of air pollution sources in the home; Social media changing the way we do business essay; Thesis statement organizational change. Berberism under the name of Imazighenity (from the Berber Amazigh, plural Imazighen, adopted as the proper term for the people) was meanwhile formulated academically by Berbers in Paris who founded the journal Awal in
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