An overview of conservatism

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An overview of conservatism

An overview of conservatism

See Article History Neoconservatism, variant of the political ideology of conservatism that An overview of conservatism features of traditional conservatism with political individualism and a qualified endorsement of free markets.

Neoconservatism arose in the United States in the s among intellectuals who shared a dislike of communism and a disdain for the counterculture of the s, especially its political radicalism and its animus against authority, custom, and tradition.

Intellectual influences Among their intellectual ancestors neoconservatives count the ancient Greek historian Thucydides for his unblinking realism in military matters and his skepticism toward democracyas well as Alexis de Tocquevillethe French author of Democracy in America —40who described and analyzed both the bright and the bad sides of democracy in the United States.

Culture and religion In its respect for established institutions and practices, neoconservatism resembles the traditional conservatism of the 18th-century Irish statesman Edmund Burke.

Neoconservatives, however, tend to pay more attention than traditional conservatives to cultural matters and the mass media—to music, art, literature, theatre, film, and, more recently, television and the Internet —because they believe that a society defines itself and expresses its values through these means.

Western and particularly American society, they charge, has become amoral, adrift, and degenerate. As evidence of the moral corruption of Western culturethey cite violent and sexually explicit films, television programs, and video games, and they point to popular music that is rife with obscenities that have lost their capacity to shock and disgust.

Actions once regarded as shameful are now accepted as normal. For example, most people in the West now consider it perfectly acceptable for unmarried men and women to live together and even to have children. Such degenerate behaviour, say neoconservatives, indicates a broader and deeper cultural crisis afflicting Western civilization.

The American political scientist James Q. Wilsonfor example, traced the crisis to the 18th-century European Enlightenmentwhich encouraged people to question established authority, to criticize religion, and to reject traditional beliefs.

Whatever its source, neoconservatives maintain that this degeneration represents a real and present danger to Western civilization. People without a sense of something larger than themselves, something transcendent and eternal, are apt to turn to mindless entertainment—including drugs and alcohol—and to act selfishly and irresponsibly.

Religion at its best is a kind of social cement, holding families, communitiesand countries together. At its worst, however, religion can be fanatical, intolerant, and divisivetearing communities apart instead of uniting them. Most neoconservatives thus believe that the principle of the separation of church and stateas enshrined in the First Amendment to the U.

Culture and religion

Constitutionis a good idea. They also believe, however, that it has been pursued to extremes by adherents of modern liberalism, who are bent on banishing religion from public life, resulting in a backlash from religious-right conservatives.

Neoconservatives also hold that the modern liberal ideal of cultural diversityor multiculturalism —the principle of not only tolerating but also respecting different religions and cultures and encouraging them to coexist harmoniously—tends to undermine the traditional culture of any country that tries to put it into practice.

These trends, they believe, are likely to produce a conservative backlash, such as those that took place in Denmark and the Netherlands, where anti-immigrant political parties became increasingly popular in the s and early s.

Economic and social policy In economics, neoconservatives believe that markets are an efficient means of allocating goods and services.

They are not, however, wholehearted advocates of free-market capitalism. As Kristol remarked, capitalism deserves two cheers, not three, because its innovative character produces almost-constant social upheavals and disruptions.

Capitalism presupposes a willingness to save, to invest, and to defer gratification; at the same time, through advertising and marketing techniques, it encourages people to indulge themselves, to live on credit, and to pay little heed to the farther future. Unregulated capitalism, moreover, creates great wealth alongside dire poverty; it richly rewards some people while leaving others behind.Featuring the face of one of the greatest conservative media hosts, this "Conservatism Is The New Counter-Culture" t-shirt from Alex Jones and the Infowars Store prominently shows one of Paul Joseph Watson's best quotes, guaranteed to trigger liberals caninariojana.com://caninariojana.com Conservatism provides an overview to an important mode of political thought, and one that will, at the very least, get right-wingers to reflect upon their own first principles.

An overview of conservatism

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Neoconservatism: Neoconservatism, variant of the political ideology of conservatism that combines features of traditional conservatism with political individualism and a qualified endorsement of free markets.

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