Philosophy Curriculum and Courses Curriculum Overview Most philosophy fits into one of four loose and overlapping groups. The first studies action:
Philosophy and Science The touchstone of the value of philosophy as a world-view and methodology is the degree to which it is interconnected with life. This interconnection may be both direct and indirect, through the whole system of culture, through science, art, morality, religion, law, and politics.
As a special form of social consciousness, constantly interacting with all its other forms, philosophy is their general theoretical substantiation and interpretation.
Can philosophy develop by itself, without the support of science? Can science "work" without philosophy? Some people think that the sciences can stand apart from philosophy, that the scientist should actually avoid philosophising, the latter often being understood as groundless and generally vague theorising.
If the term philosophy is given such a poor interpretation, then of course anyone would agree with the warning "Physics, beware of metaphysics! The specific sciences cannot and should not break their connections with true philosophy. Science and philosophy have always learned from each other.
Philosophy tirelessly draws from scientific discoveries fresh strength, material for broad generalisations, while to the sciences it imparts the world-view and methodological im pulses of its universal principles.
Many general guiding ideas that lie at the foundation of modern science were first enunciated by the perceptive force of philosophical thought. One example is the idea of the atomic structure of things voiced by Democritus. Certain conjectures about natural selection were made in ancient times by the philosopher Lucretius and later by the French thinker Diderot.
Hypothetically he anticipated what became a scientific fact two centuries later. We may also recall the Cartesian reflex and the philosopher's proposition on the conservation of motion in the universe. On the general philosophical plane Spinoza gave grounds for the universal principle of determinism.
The idea of the existence of molecules as complex particles consisting of atoms was developed in the works of the French philosopher Pierre Gassendi and also Russia's Mikhail Lomonosov. Philosophy nurtured the hypothesis of the cellular structure of animal and vegetable organisms and formulated the idea of the development and universal connection of phenomena and the principle of the material unity of the world.
Lenin formulated one of the fundamental ideas of contemporary natural science—the principle of the inexhaustibility of matter—upon which scientists rely as a firm methodological foundation.
The latest theories of the unity of matter, motion, space and time, the unity of the discontinuous and continuous, the principles of the conservation of matter and motion, the ideas of the infinity and inexhaustibility of matter were stated in a general form in philosophy.
Besides influencing the development of the specialised fields of knowledge, philosophy itself has been substantially enriched by progress in the concrete sciences.
Every major scientific discovery is at the same time a step forward in the development of the philosophical world-view and methodology.
Philosophical statements are based on sets of facts studied by the sciences and also on the system of propositions, principles, concepts and laws discovered through the generalisation of these facts.A PROSPECTIVE INVESTIGATION OF JOY AND TRAIT GRATITUDE Madeline R.
Greaves Although it is often seen as a synonym for happiness, it may be a specific emotion in its own right. Fredrickson () notes that this feeling often occurs in I will discuss gratitude and its role both in well-being and the experience of joy.
An Examination of the Science of Gratitude and Its Role in Human Happiness ( words, 22 pages) The Evidence and Theory Behind Making Gratitude a HabitHappiness is a chief human concern because it provides purpose and meaning to our actions.
The series Human Values Spiritual Science Books 1 to 12 is a synthesis of the Bal Vikas and Human Values Programmes as well as the Knowledge imparted by Bhagawan in His various Divine Discourses, and the talks delivered by eminent educationists and learned leaders of various World Religions to the assembled students, teachers and devotees.
How the New Science of Gratitude Can Make You Happier by. on how the practice of gratitude can improve happiness and in by the "New Science of Gratitude /5.
Well-being is a much-studied topic in psychology, especially positive caninariojana.comd concepts are eudaimonia, happiness, flourishing, quality of life, contentment, and meaningful life. Rather, it is a product of his conception of human happiness and his belief in the irreducible role human sexual relations has in achieving and prolonging that happiness.