Five years after that, he was promoted to Director of Public Schools for the province, overseeing the foundation of over schools as a part of the government's plans for modernisation. His dedication to education earned him the Order of St. Vladimirwhich bestowed on him the status of hereditary nobleman.
He graduated from the Kamenskoye Metallurgical Technicum in  and became a metallurgical engineer in the iron and steel industries of eastern Ukraine. Brezhnev joined the Communist Party youth organisation, the Komsomolinand the Party itself in Later inhe became director of the Dniprodzerzhynsk Metallurgical Technicum technical college in Brezhnev hometown Kamenskoye was renamed to Dniprodzerzhynsk .
When Nazi Germany invaded the Soviet Union on 22 JuneBrezhnev was, like most middle-ranking Party officials, immediately drafted. In Aprilhe became head of the Political Department of the 18th Army. Later that year, the 18th Army became part of the 1st Ukrainian Frontas the Red Army regained the initiative and advanced westward through Ukraine.
He had spent the entire war as a political commissar rather than a military commander.
After working on reconstruction projects in Ukraine, he again became General Secretary in Dnipropetrovsk. Brezhnev sided with Khrushchev against Malenkov, but only for several years.
On the surface, his brief was simple: In reality, Brezhnev became involved in the development of the Soviet missile and nuclear arms programs, including the Baykonur Cosmodrome.
The initially successful Virgin Lands Campaign soon became unproductive and failed to solve the growing Soviet food crisis. Brezhnev was recalled to Moscow in The harvest in the years following the Virgin Lands Campaign was disappointing, which would have hurt his political career had he remained in Kazakhstan.
Following the defeat of the Stalinists, Brezhnev became a full member of the Politburo. Brezhnev became Second Secretary of the Central Committee in and in May was promoted to the post of Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet making him the nominal head of state, although the real power resided with Khrushchev as First Secretary of the Soviet Communist Party.
Outwardly, Brezhnev remained loyal to Khrushchev, but became involved in a plot to remove the leader from power, possibly playing a leading role. Upon his return, his Presidium officers congratulated him for his work in office.
Anastas Mikoyan visited Khrushchev, hinting that he should not be too complacent about his present situation. Vladimir Semichastnyhead of the KGB was a crucial part of the conspiracy, as it was his duty to inform Khrushchev if anyone was plotting against his leadership.
Nikolay Ignatovwho had been sacked by Khrushchev, discreetly requested the opinion of several Central Committee members.
After some false starts, fellow conspirator Mikhail Suslov phoned Khrushchev on 12 October and requested that he return to Moscow to discuss the state of Soviet agriculture.
Influenced by the Brezhnev allies, Politburo members voted to remove Khrushchev from office. But Brezhnev, who had already been assured the office of the General Secretary, saw little reason to punish his old mentor further.
Pravdaa newspaper in the Soviet Union, wrote of new enduring themes such as collective leadershipscientific planning, consultation with experts, organisational regularity and the ending of schemes. When Khrushchev left the public spotlight, there was no popular commotion, as most Soviet citizens, including the intelligentsiaanticipated a period of stabilisationsteady development of Soviet society and continuing economic growth in the years ahead.– Chairman, Defense Council – Chairman, Bureau of the Central Committee of the Russian SFSR Jan.–Mar.
Deputy Chairman, Bureau of the Central Committee of the Russian SFSR – First Secretary, Dnipropetrovsk Regional Committee – First Secretary, Zaporizhia Regional Committee – Head, Defense Industry Department of the .
General knowledge quiz questions and answers. The following text is used only for teaching, research, scholarship, educational use .
Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela born 18 July is a South African politician who was the President of South Africa from to , the first ever to be elected in a fully representative and multi-racial election. His administration focused on dismantling the legacy of apartheid, as well as tackling racism, poverty and inequality.
Leonid Ilyich Brezhnev (/ ˈ b r ɛ ʒ n ɛ f /; Russian: Леони́д Ильи́ч Бре́жнев, IPA: [lʲɪɐˈnʲit ɪˈlʲjidʑ ˈbrʲeʐnʲɪf] (listen); Ukrainian: Леоні́д Іллі́ч Бре́жнєв, 19 December (O.S. 6 December) – 10 November ) was a Soviet politician of Ukrainian nationality, who led the Soviet Union from to as the General.
Service knows as much about Lenin's life as anybody around. What he has done is to write a more personal biography of Lenin than has ever been written before.
Lenin: A Biography [Robert Service] on caninariojana.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Lenin's politics continue to reverberate around the world even after the end of the USSR. His name elicits revulsion and reverence.